Department of Archaeology, Flinders University
Dig It: The Journal of the Flinders Archaeological Society
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2014
Print: ISSN 1440-2475
Online: ISSN 2203-1898
There is currently no evidence of pre-historic Yup’ik kayaks or kayak models that have survived post-contact. This paper examines three kayak models recovered during archaeological excavations in a pre-contact Yup’ik Eskimo site in Quinhagak, Alaska in 2013. The paper compares these representations of Nunalleq kayaks with other Yup’ik kayaks in the region and speculates about their use as elements of traditional knowledge transfer and teaching in Yup’ik culture.
Adney, E.T., and H. I. Chapelle 1964 The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America. Washington D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
Boyd, R., and P.J. Richerson 2005 Culture, adaptation, and innateness. In P. Carruthers, S. Laurence and S. P. Stich (eds), The Innate Mind: Culture and Cognition, pp.23-38. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
City-Data 2011 Quinhagak, Alaska. Retrieved 8 August 2013 from http://www.city-data.com/city/Quinhagak-Alaska.html.
Fienup-Riordan, A. 1988 Eye of the dance: Spiritual life of the Bering Sea Eskimo. In W. Fitzhugh and A. Crow (eds), Crossroads of Continents: Cultures of Siberia and Alaska, pp.256-270. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Fienup-Riordan, A. 2005 Wise Words of the Yup’ik People: We Talk to You Because We Love You. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.
Fitzhugh, W., and S. Kaplan 1982 Inua: Spirit World of the Bering Sea Eskimo. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press.
Frink, L. 2006 Social identity and the Yup’ik Eskimo village tunnel system in pre-colonial and colonial western coastal Alaska. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 16:109–125.
Frink, L. 2009 The identity Division of Labor in Native Alaska. American Anthropologist 111(1):21–29.
Gordon, G. B. 1917 In the Alaskan Wilderness. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Co.
Knecht, Rick 2012 Introduction to the Nunalleq Site. Presentation to Incoming Archaeological Field Crew 3:1–36
Knudson, K.J., L. Frink, B.W. Hoffman, and T.D. Price 2003 Chemical characterization of Arctic soils: activity area analysis in contemporary Yup’ik fish camps using ICP-AES. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:443–456.
Kuntz, B.C. 1998 Hunters in the Garden: Yup’ik Subsistence and the Agricultural Myths of Eden. Unpublished Masters thesis, Department of Humanities, University of Montana, Missoula.
Lantis, M. 1946 The social culture of the Nunivak Eskimo. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 35(2):153–323.
Lantis, M. 1960 Eskimo Childhood and Interpersonal Relationships. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Marlow, P. 2009 Strengthening Immersion Education Through Post-Graduate Studies: An Alaskan Example. The ACIE Newsletter, Vol. 12, No. 2. Centre for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2013 http://www.carla.umn.edu/immersion/acie/vol12/no2/images/Alaskas.jpg
Nash, S., A.R. Kristal, A. Bersamin, S.E. Hopkins, B.B. Boyer, and D.M. O’Brien 2013 Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratio predict intake of sweeteners in a Yup’ik study population. The Journal of Nutrition 143(2):161–166.
Nelson, E.W. 1899 The Eskimo about Bering Strait. Bureau of American Ethnography Annual Report 1:1–518.
Zimmerly, D.W. 1986 Qajaq: Kayaks of Siberia and Alaska. Juneau: Alaska State Museum.